Pages 17-22

Translation

Ez egy kalap. = This is a hat.
Ez a kalapom. = This is my hat.
Ezek kalapok. = These are hats.
Ezek a kalapjaim. = These are my hats.

Ez a macskám. = This is my cat.
Ezek a macskáim. = These are my cats.
Ez a madaram. = This is my bird.
Ezek a madaraim. = These are my birds.

Ez a kanapém. = This is my sofa.
Ezek a kanapéim. = These are my sofas.
Ez az ajtóm. = This is my door.
A madár az ajtómon van. = The bird is on my door.

Ez a kutyád. = This is your dog.
Ez a kertem. = This is my garden.
Hol van a kutyád? = Where is your dog?
A kutyád a kertemben van. = Your dog is in my garden.
Rossz kutya! = Bad dog!
Hol van a madaram? = Where is my bird?
A madaram a kertemben van. = My bird is in my garden.

Ez az autód. = This is your car.
Az autódban a macskád van. = Your cat is in your car.
Igen, de a macskád a kabátodban van. = Yes, but your cat is in your jacket.
A madár van a teknősbékan. = The bird is on the turtle.

Ez egy doboz. = This is a box.
Ez nem a dobozom. = It is not my box.
Ez az ő doboza. = It is his box.
A teknősbéka a dobozban van. = The turtle is in the box.

Grammar

1. Here we begin to learn the possessive suffixes. If the object possessed is singular, you may add -om, -em, or -öm to the noun for first person singular. Add -od, -ed, or -öd for second person singular. For third person singular add -a or -e; if the word ends in a vowel, add -ja or -je instead. (The form you should use depends on vowel harmony.)

If the object possessed is plural, there are several different possibilities. The key is that they all contain the vowel "i", and then the usual -m for first person singular possessors and -d for second person singular possessors. (If you want to see the entire scary list of possessive suffixes, click here for singular possessed objects and here for plural possessed objects.)

2. This lesson also introduces the Inessive case, expressing "in". Its forms are -ban and -ben. We'll use it more in the next lesson.