Pages 29-37

Grammar

1. When numerals are used to qualify nouns, they precede the nouns they qualify. The noun following an ordinal number is always singular. When numbers are used as nouns, they take the usual case endings just like other nouns.

2. The ordinal "two" has two forms. Két is used before nouns, adjectives, and adverbs (e.g., két kutya), and kettő is used elsewhere (e.g., Kettőt láttam). Kettő may also be used before a noun, adjective, or adverb if the speaker wishes to emphasize the number.

3. Up to the number 2 000, the words are written together without spaces or dashes. After that, the words are written separated by a dash. The words are separated where the numbers are separated by a space.

4. Ordinal numbers are formed by adding the harmonizing suffix -odik, -edik, -ödik, or -adik to a cardinal number.

0th = nulladik
1st = első
2nd = második
3rd = harmadik
4th = negyedik
5th = ötödik
6th = hatodik
7th = hetedik
8th = nyolcadik
9th = kilencedik
10th = tizedik
20th = huszadik
21st = huszonegyedik
30th = harmincadik
40th = negyvenedik
50th = ötvenedik
60th = hatvanadik
70th = hetvenedik
80th = nyolcvanadik
90th = kilencvenedik
100th = századik
1 000th = ezredik
1 000 000th = milliomodik

5. Ordinals lose their -ik ending before the harmonizing suffix -szor, -szer, -ször ("for the Xth time"). For example, ötödször (for the 5th time), negyedszer (for the 4th time), harmadszor (for the 3rd time). Note these irregular forms: először (for the 1st time) and másodszor (for the 2nd time).

6. Fractions are formed by suffixing the harmonizing ending -od, -ed, -öd, or -ad to a cardninal number.

1/2 = egyketted
1/3 = egyharmad
1/4 = egynegyed
1/5 = egyötöd
1/6 = egyhatod
1/7 = egyheted
1/8 = egynyolcad
1/9 = egykilenced
1/10 = egytized
1/20 = egyhuszad
1/100 = egyszázad
1/1000 = egyezred
5/7 = ötheted
4/5 = négyötöd

Ketted never appears without an initial ordinal. Egyketted is mainly used in mathematics. Its everyday equivalent is fél (half).