Pages 38-43

Translation

Hány óra van? = What time is it? (literally, How many hours is it?)
Pontosan nyolc óra van. = It's exactly 8 o'clock.
Tíz perccel múlt nyolc. = It's 10 past 8.
Mennyi az idő? = What time is it? (literally, Which is the time?)
Negyed kilenc van. = It's a quarter past 8.
Nyolc óra húsz van. = It's 20 past 8.

Fél kilenc van. = It's half past 8.
Kilenc óra harminc van. = It's 9:30.
Háromnegyed kilenc van. = It's a quarter till 9.
Kilenc óra negyvenöt van. = It's a quarter till 10.

Tíz perc múlva kilenc. = It's 10 till 9.
Nemsokára kilenc lesz. = It's nearly 9 o'clock.
Dél van. = It's midday/noon.
Éjfél van. = It's midnight.

Reggel nyolc óra van. = It's 8 in the morning.
Este nyolc óra van. = It's 8 in the evening.
Éjszaka tizenegy óra van. = It's 11 at night.
Helyi idő szerint hét óra van. = It's 7 o'clock local time.

Elnézést, mikor indul a vonat? = Excuse me, when does the train leave?
Hatkor indul a vonat. = The train leaves at 6 o'clock.
Mikor érkezik a vonat? = When does the train arrive?
Hétkor. = At 7 o'clock.
Mikor kezdődik a mozi? = When does the movie begin?
Nyolckor kezdődik a mozi. = The movie starts at 8 o'clock.
Mikor megy az utolsó busz? = When does the last bus leave?
Az utolsó busz délután egykor megy. = The last bus leaves at 1 p.m.

Hány éves vagy? = How old are you?
Huszonkilenc éves vagyok. = I am 29 years old.
Tizennyolc éves vagyok. = I am 18 years old.
Hány éves a fiú? = How old is the boy?
A fiú hét éves. = The boy is 7 years old.
Hány éves a lány? = How old is the girl?
A lány öt éves. = The girl is 5 years old.

Grammar

1. The noun óra has two meanings: "hour" and "watch, clock". If you're talking to a friend or person close to you, you may omit "óra".

2. Telling time in Hungarian can be a little complicated, so you may find yourself an hour off. :) The biggest difference is when using expressions like "quarter/half past, etc.". In these instances, the hour is the upcoming hour, never the one that just passed. For example, 5:15 - "a quarter past 5" - is expressed like "a quarter into the sixth hour" or "a quarter past in the sixth hour", so "a quarter past 5" is "negyed hat óra". Of course, you can always just say the hours and minutes - "öt óra tízenöt perc".

3. When you want to say that something happens at a certain time, you must use the Temporal (-kor) case. This suffix may be attached to the cardinal number or to the word óra. For example, to say "we met at 4 o'clock", you can express it "találkoztunk négykor" or "találkoztunk négy órákor". In some cases, -kor expresses the idea of an era or epoch; for example, "gyerekkor" (childhood). Of course, case endings also apply to pronouns, and the most common ones you will likely encounter are "akkor" and "ekkor". These are from the demonstrative pronouns "az" meaning "that" and "ez" meaning "this". The z transforms into a k when this suffix is applied. Thus "akkor" means "at that time; then", and "ekkor" means "at this time; now".

For a worksheet with more examples and exercises, click here

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