Pages 47-52

Translation

Hol van a férfi? = Where is the man?
A férfi az épület előtt áll. = The man is standing in front of the building.
Hová megy a férfi? = Where is the man going?
A férfi az épület elé megy. = The man is going toward the building.
A férfi az épület elől jön ide. = The man is going from the building.
A telefon az épületen kívül van. = The telephone is outside of the building.

A repülő a város fölött repül. = The plane is flying above the city.
A repülő a város fölé repül. = The plane is flying toward the city.
A repülő a város fölül repül ide. = The plane is flying away from the city.
Az autóbusz egy óran belül érkezik. = The bus will arrive within the hour.

Hol van az eladó? = Where is the store clerk?
Az eladó az asztal mögött ül. = The store clerk is standing behind the table.
Hová megy az eladó? = Where is the store clerk going?
Az elad&oactue; az asztal mögé megy. = The store clerk is going behind the table.
Hová jön a eladó? = Where is the store clerk coming from?
Az eladó az asztal mögül ide jön. = The store clerk is coming from behind the table.
A vonat a város felé megy. = The train is going toward the city.

A nő az óra alatt áll. = The woman is standing under the clock.
A nő az óra alá megy. = The woman is going toward the clock.
A nő az óra alól jön ide. = The woman is going away from the clock.
A vonat a város felől megy valahova. = The train is going somewhere away from the city.

A férfi az autók között áll. = The man is standing between the cars.
A férfi az autók közé megy. = The man is going between the cars.
A férfi az autók közül megy oda. = The man is coming from between the cars.
A férfi a szobán keresztül megy a konyhába. = The man goes across the room to the kitchen.

A lány a magas fa mellett áll. = The girl is standing next to the big tree.
A lány a magas fa mellé megy. = The girl is going next to the big tree.
A lány a magas fa mellől megy oda. = The girl is coming from the big tree.
A lány a szobán át megy a folyosóra. = The girl goes across the room into the hallway.

Grammar

Prepositions in English correspond to Post-positions in Hungarian. Hungarian uses sets of 3: one indicates the state of the subject, one indicates direction toward the object, and one indicates direction away from the object. For example:
    alatt: the state of being "under, below"
    alá: direction toward + "under, below"
    alól: direction away from + "under, below"
And so on. However, several postpositions are used singly instead of in a set of 3. They often have abstract meanings, or are used in expressions talking about time. For example, keresztül gives the meaning "through, across, for (+time)".